Facts & Figures 2022

Every year, Ambulancezorg Nederland (AZN) publishes the Sector Overview. The Sector Overview 2022 contains information about ambulance care and is based on data provided by the Regional Ambulance Services (RAV’s).

The Sector Overview is addressed to anyone who wishes to gather more information more about the Dutch ambulance sector. By releasing this data, the sector aims to be transparent about the key data and the most important developments and trends of recent years.

The underlying texts and statistics (in Dutch) can be found in the Tekstuele toelichting (2022) with the general background information and the Dashboard (2022) with the tables and graphs including explanatory text.



  • 25 RAV regions

    The Netherlands has 25 RAV regions. The Dutch Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport (VWS) has designated a Regional Ambulance Service (RAV) in each region, which is responsible for ambulance care.

  • Regional Ambulance Services (RAV's)

    Ambulance care in the Netherlands is organised regionally in Regional Ambulance Services (RAVs) The RAV is the entity legally appointed to provide ambulance care and maintain the ambulance care dispatch centre.

    There are 25 RAVs in the Netherlands. The division into RAV regions is the same as the division into Security Regions under the Dutch Security Regions Act (Wvr).

  • 940 ambulances in 2022

    On 31 December 2022, the RAVs had 940 ambulances available in the Netherlands.

  • In the Netherlands, ambulances and ambulance crews are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

    In 2022, there were 940 ambulances. In practice, however, not all 940 ambulances are responding to calls at the same time. Part of the available capacity is reserved for large-scale accidents or emergencies or for maintenance or damage to vehicles and during overlapping shifts.

  • 240 posts in the Netherlands

    To distribute the ambulances throughout the region as effectively as possible, every RAV has a number of ambulance posts.

  • Distribution of posts

    In many regions, particularly during the day, crews are in a state of dynamic readiness. At the end of an assignment, the ambulance does not return to a post, but remains on the road. If this ambulance is given a new assignment in the case of dynamic readiness, no call-out time is involved.

    The number of posts varies from region to region. In the National Reference Framework for Distribution & Availability, an optimal theoretical distribution of posts was calculated to comply with the starting point that under normal circumstances, 95% of the population must be reached within fifteen minutes of the start of the report to the ambulance dispatch centre.

  • Deployments in 2022

    In 2022, there were 1,489,572 ambulance deployments in the Netherlands.

  • In 2022, there were 1,489,572 ambulance deployments in the Netherlands.

    After a decrease of the number of deployments as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic that reached the Netherlands in March 2020, the number of deployments increased again in 2021 and 2022.

    In 2022 the number of deployments increased by over 5.8% compared with 2021.

  • Employees in 2022

    In 2022, there were 7,121 staff, spread over 6,379 FTEs.

  • The number of ambulance care staff rose from 6,174 in 2018 to 7,121 in 2022. This is an increase of more than 15%.

    The ambulance sector has traditionally been a male-dominated sector, but the ratio is gradually shifting and there are more and more women. In 2022, 60% of staff were men and 40% women.

    Both nurse and non-nurse operators work in the dispatch centre. The nurse dispatch centre operator is responsible for the dispatch centre process, handles the details and ensures a responsible implementation of the process of intake, care needs assessment, care assignment and care instruction. The non-nurse operator is usually deployed on the logistic process of issuing ambulance calls.

  • Average sickness absence rate in 2022

    The national average sickness absence rate within the ambulance care sector in 2022 was 7.0%.

  • The average sickness absence rate in 2022 was 7.0%.

    This percentage increased in 2022 compared with 2021, when the rate was 5.7%.

  • Macrobudget ambulance care 2022

  • The macro budget for ambulance care is determined every year in the national budget.

    The macro budget in 2022 was €785 million. For this macro budget, ambulance care is available 24/7 throughout the entire year and 1,489,572 deployments took place in 2022.

    At the end of 2022, the population of the Netherlands was almost 17.6 million. In other words, ambulance care in 2022 cost an average of approximately €44.63 per inhabitant.